Tea is without doubt one of the most versatile — and extensively consumed — drinks worldwide.
You’ll be able to cozy up with a hot cup of tea in winter or cool off with iced tea in summer season.
Many drinks we consider as several types of teas come from the identical plant, Camellia sinensis.
Amongst tea purists, these are “true teas.”
In distinction, natural teas produced from herbs and flowers are their very own factor, generally referred to as “tisanes.”
(You will have additionally heard of “detox teas,” however in reality, no meals or drink truly “detoxes” your physique.)
Several types of tea have various quantities of caffeine, theanine, and taste relying on processing.
Caffeine and theanine are like yin and yang. Caffeine stimulates the nervous system; theanine relaxes it.
Let’s have a look at the preferred varieties of tea…
“White tea is produced from younger leaves, and undergoes minimal oxidation and processing, giving a delicate taste,” explains Melissa Rifkin, MS, RD, CDN.
White tea has strong antioxidant activity and comparable caffeine and theanine ranges as inexperienced tea.
You’ll discover several types of white tea rising in popularity, however it’s possible you’ll not discover it stocked at your native grocery store.
Brewed inexperienced tea is greenish in colour and has a refreshing taste. It’s extra processed than white tea, however much less processed than black tea, explains Carlton.
Many research have explored the health benefits of green tea.
You’ll discover several types of inexperienced tea infused with flavors or different herbs, comparable to mint or lemon.
Matcha is one other kind of inexperienced tea — and probably one of many trendiest “inexperienced issues which are good for you” since kale.
Green tea has round 28 mg caffeine per cup.
A conventional tea in China and different elements of Asia, oolong tea is someplace between inexperienced tea and black tea for the extent of processing and caffeine.
“Oolong is partially fermented,” says Rifkin. Oolong tea has round 38 mg of caffeine per cup.
“Black tea is absolutely oxidized and fermented, giving it a wealthy colour and taste,” says Rifkin.
Black tea additionally offers a stronger caffeine kick than inexperienced tea and white tea as a result of it has extra caffeine and fewer theanine.
Research have additionally discovered it supports heart health.
There are various several types of black teas. The names usually check with totally different manufacturing areas or blends. They will also be flavored or spiced like chai.
Earl Grey will get its distinctive taste from bergamot, a citrusy important oil, however in any other case, it’s simply black tea.
Black tea has round 48 mg of caffeine per cup.
Now we transfer onto the less-common varieties of tea that “purists” may group below inexperienced or black tea.
In easiest phrases, matcha is a green tea powder. On social media and IRL, it means enjoyable, latte-style drinks and ice cream cones.
(Though serious matcha drinkers assume including milk is like placing wasabi in your soy sauce. Don’t do it.)
“Matcha is a powder produced from floor inexperienced tea leaves,” says Carlton. “The plant is roofed in shade earlier than harvest, rising ranges of L-theanine and chlorophyll or the inexperienced pigment.”
Attempt these matcha recipes:
In India, chai means tea. Masala chai is a well-liked black tea mix with warming spices usually brewed with milk and water, however you can too drink chai with out milk.
“The mixtures can range, however usually embrace cardamom, cinnamon, ginger, star anise, and cloves,” says Carlton.
Attempt these chai tea recipes:
One other frequent tea in China, pu’er is a sort of fermented black tea made.
It has an earthy taste (or “deep mushroom-y taste” says Rifkin) and could be served after meals.
Relying on what you’re searching for, you possibly can have the get-up-and-go kick of a breakfast black tea or the extra soothing enhance of inexperienced tea.