Mushrooms maintain a particular place in international cuisines, however they’ve additionally carved out a distinct segment as a low-calorie meat substitute for vegetarians and vegans.
Whereas they’re nice substitutes for the style and texture of meat, that’s removed from their solely enchantment.
Totally different forms of mushrooms lend your meals totally different tastes and textures, and so they’re all value attending to know.
So whilst you can’t go incorrect with a traditional portobello burger, we urge you to get to know the opposite forms of mushrooms.
From enoki to chanterelles, right here’s what you must find out about a number of of the scrumptious varieties accessible to you at shops.
Mushroom Diet Information
Mushrooms are low-calorie however comparatively nutrient-dense, irrespective of which kind you select.
Per 1 cup, mushrooms boast:
Right here’s a have a look at what units 10 various kinds of mushrooms aside:
Creminis are simply child portobello mushrooms, which is why you may even see them labeled “child bella mushrooms” on the retailer.
These mushrooms have an earthy, generally barely meaty taste, however the standout is their texture.
“You may ‘stretch’ the bottom meat in practically any recipe by including finely stopped cremini or portobello mushrooms,” says Chelsey Amer, M.S., R.D.N.
“Contemporary porcinis are nutty and earthy, with a young but meaty texture,” says Kara Lydon, R.D., L.D.N.
They’re frequent in Italian and French dishes, however you will see that that the contemporary mushrooms are pricey as a result of their brief season and troublesome cultivation, she provides.
Though they maintain up nicely to a variety of cooking kinds, Lydon says it’s greatest to maintain the prep easy to let their taste and texture shine.
The wholesome chef on a funds might need to go for dried porcinis, which aren’t restricted by the brief season.
3. White buttons
“White button mushrooms are good for mushroom newbies as a result of they’ve the mildest mushroom taste,” Amer explains. “They’re usually the kind of mushroom you’ll discover on pizza, but in addition go nice in pasta dishes and soups.”
Strive them on high of our 2B Egg White, Kale, and Mushroom pizza.
Frequent in Japanese, Chinese language and Korean delicacies, “enoki mushrooms appear to be lengthy, white noodles with a small button on the finish,” explains Lydon.
She provides that they “take up the opposite flavors within the dish, which is why they’re typically utilized in soups for a flavorful spoonful and a few additional texture.”
Since they’re delicate and barely candy, they need to be added simply earlier than the dish is prepared in order that they don’t get overcooked. Strive including them to hot pot.
Like portobellos, “shiitake mushrooms are additionally a meaty mushroom with an earthy taste,” says Amer.
Meaning they can be utilized equally in dishes. They do require a little bit extra prep, although, as a result of the stems of shiitake mushrooms are robust and ought to be discarded earlier than utilizing the cap, she provides.
Shiitake mushrooms may also be a source of vitamin D when the gills (the creases on the underside of the caps) are uncovered to daylight or UV gentle!
6. King Trumpet
King trumpets are often known as king oyster mushrooms. You may eat each the stem and the cap, and so they “give off a powerful and earthy umami taste.”
These mushrooms maintain up nicely to excessive warmth, to allow them to be added to stir-fry dishes and soups and might even be barbecued or grilled.
Since these ‘shrooms boast thick but tender stems, you’ll be able to slice them into thick rounds and cook dinner them like scallops!
That is one mushroom that may stand by itself, so contemplate giving it the highlight in its personal dish.
It’s capable of take center-stage due to its distinctive taste; Amer explains that they’re “typically described as ‘woodsy’ due to their hearty taste.”
You’ll discover these “wild” mushrooms in most supermarkets today. Strive them grilled or broiled for additional taste.
“Attributable to their distinctive earthy, woody, and generally spicy taste, chanterelles are extremely wanted by cooks all over the world,” notes Lydon.
Fortunately for the remainder of us, they’re accessible canned.
That offers them one other benefit: “Chanterelles have a chewy, meaty texture, however the stems may be robust to eat,” however canned variations are softer.
Lydon additionally notes that chanterelles (like all mushrooms) take up fats like tasty little sponges.
Swap them into our egg white omelet with mushrooms for a gourmand but easy morning meal.
9. Beech mushrooms
Beech mushrooms are one other selection that ought to be added on the finish “to take care of this distinctive texture,” says Amer.
Consider us; you’ll need their style and texture to stay largely unchanged!
Amer explains that’s as a result of “beech mushrooms have a sweeter style and crisper texture than most different mushrooms.”
“Morels have a deep, earthy, nutty taste, with a chewy, meaty texture,” Lydon explains, and appear to be a honeycomb.
“Morels work nicely in a savory sauce that may carry out a extra umami taste,” she provides. You’ll get a brilliant savory sauce if you happen to select morels for this hearty mushroom gravy.
They will pair nicely with each wealthy substances, like pink meats, and lighter ones, comparable to asparagus.