HELLO GUYS HOW R U ALL , IN THIS VIDEO IM TALK ABOUT COLOMBIA.
Colombia (/kəˈlʌmbiə/ (About this soundlisten) kə-LUM-bee-ə, /-ˈlɒm-/ -LOM-; Spanish: [koˈlombja] (About this soundlisten)), formally the Republic of Colombia (Spanish: About this soundRepública de Colombia (assist·information)),[Note 1] is a sovereign state largely located within the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America. Colombia shares a border to the northwest with Panama, to the east with Venezuela and Brazil and to the south with Ecuador and Peru. It shares its maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Colombia is a unitary, constitutional republic comprising thirty-two departments, with the capital in Bogota.
Colombia has been inhabited by varied indigenous peoples since 12,000 BCE, together with the Muisca, Quimbaya, and the Tairona. The Spanish arrived in 1499 and by the mid-Sixteenth century conquered and colonized a lot of the area, establishing the New Kingdom of Granada, with Santafé de Bogotá as its capital. Independence from Spain was achieved in 1819, however by 1830 the “Gran Colombia” Federation was dissolved, with what’s now Colombia and Panama rising because the Republic of New Granada. The brand new nation experimented with federalism because the Granadine Confederation (1858), after which america of Colombia (1863), earlier than the Republic of Colombia was lastly declared in 1886. Panama seceded in 1903, resulting in Colombia’s current borders. Starting within the Sixties, the nation suffered from an uneven low-intensity armed battle and rampant political violence, each of which escalated within the Nineties. Since 2005, there was vital enchancment in safety, stability, and rule of legislation.
Colombia is among the most ethnically and linguistically various international locations on the planet, with its wealthy cultural heritage reflecting influences by indigenous peoples, European settlement, compelled African migration, immigration from Europe and the Center East. City centres are principally positioned within the highlands of the Andes mountains and the Caribbean coast.
Colombia is among the many world’s 17 megadiverse international locations, and probably the most densely biodiverse per sq. kilometer; its territory encompasses Amazon rainforest, tropical grassland and coastlines alongside each the Caribbean and Pacific.
Colombia is a center energy and regional actor in Latin America. It’s a part of the CIVETS group of six main rising markets and a member of the UN, the WTO, the OECD, the OAS, the Pacific Alliance, and different worldwide organizations. Colombia’s diversified economic system is the fourth largest in Latin America, with macroeconomic stability and favorable long-term progress prospects.
The identify “Colombia” is derived from the final identify of Christopher Columbus (Italian: Cristoforo Colombo, Spanish: Cristóbal Colón). It was conceived by the Venezuelan revolutionary Francisco de Miranda as a reference to all of the New World, however particularly to these parts below Spanish rule (by then from the Mississippi river to Patagonia). The identify was later adopted by the Republic of Colombia of 1819, fashioned from the territories of the outdated Viceroyalty of New Granada (modern-day Colombia, Panama, Venezuela, Ecuador, and northwest Brazil).
When Venezuela, Ecuador and Cundinamarca got here to exist as unbiased states, the previous Division of Cundinamarca adopted the identify “Republic of New Granada”. New Granada formally modified its identify in 1858 to the Granadine Confederation. In 1863 the identify was once more modified, this time to United States of Colombia, earlier than lastly adopting its current identify – the Republic of Colombia – in 1886.
To check with this nation, the Colombian authorities makes use of the phrases Colombia and República de Colombia.
CAPITAL : BOGATA
POPULATION : 49,996,445
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE : SPANISH
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